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Moroccan culture : Traditional Moroccan clothing

 Traditional Moroccan clothing

Caftan, djellaba, slippers. These Moroccan clothes are particularly representative of the cultural and artistic diversity of the country. Since the onset of weaving, 15OO BC, all the methods of making typical clothing have developed.

Clothing is totally different depending on the region, ethnicity and socio-professional categories. The clothes of the inhabitants of the city have nothing to do, for example, with those of the rural ones. Still, everywhere, men traditionally wear djellabas. The latter always has a hood, very wide sleeves, and is cut from wool or cotton.

Since the middle of the 20th century, the djellaba has joined the female wardrobe. At that time, in fact, Moroccan women abandoned the haik, a large piece of fabric, generally white, with which they covered their face and body to go out, in favor of the djellaba which has become an outer garment. The very strict and very wide cuts of yesteryear have now been replaced by female djellabas that are much closer to the body, more colorful and inspired by contemporary fashion trends.

Among other traditional clothes there is of course the caftan, whose origins date back to the Ottoman Empire. This is a long dress for women that we like to wear for special occasions. Generally very elegant and refined, the caftan is a festive dress. Cut from noble materials, velvet, silk and brocade, it is set with gold or silver threads and decorated with sumptuous embroidery. The caftan is also a garment that is worn at home.

In the panoply of traditional Moroccan clothes we still find the burnous (black or white), worn over the djellaba, and those large baggy pants called the saroual. In some ceremonies, men also wear a hat, the fez, or a white turban in rural areas.

All these clothes are worn with the traditional shoes of Morocco, the famous slippers. It is true that in this country, leatherworking is the result of centuries-old craftsmanship. Moreover, the word "morocco" was given to goat and sheep leather produced in Morocco as early as the 14th century. Although the slipper has been replaced, especially among young people, by more modern shoes, it remains very popular with Moroccans who wear it at home, but also when going out, or even during ceremonies. There are generally two types of slippers, those with square ends, Berber-inspired, and the slender city slippers, with angular ends, and more refined in appearance. Generally, slippers worn by men are yellow in color and without decoration. Women's slippers today come in all colors, and are sometimes decorated with gold or silver thread.

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